Karaganda regional museum of local history and ethnography is important scientific and cultural centers.
The museum has opened in 1932 as polytechnic and in 1938 has been renamed in regional study of local history. In its creation the greater help was rendered with the Leningrad polytechnic museum: models of mountain machines had been brought,which in a combination to a local material formed exposition.
In 1964 the museum of local lore has been renamed by the order of the Ministry of culture Kazakh SSR in museum of history and local lore.The modern building of a museum has been handed over in December, 1979.
Since 1999 the museum is MSFE « Karaganda regional museum of history and local lore». In 2001–02 major overhaul had been lead and the new exposition is constructed. Today the exposition of a museum borrows the area in the size 1800 square м., also the annals of art and culture of ours settles down in 14 halls opening history.
The Karaganda region is subdivided into 9 areas. In the region there are 11 cities, 39 settlements, 168 rural districts, 558 localities. The largest city — the regional center Karaganda, based in 1934. the population is more than 500 thousand men. Modern Karaganda is one of the prospering centers of republic with huge economic and cultural potential.
In foyer of a museum the mape of the Karaganda region is located. Here it is possible to receive the general information on territory, the population, physical-geographical features of region. The Karaganda area borrows a favorable geographical position, on a joint of the Europe and Asia and has extensive territory. A total area of area 428,0 thousand square км., on which lives 1331,6 thousand people.The territory of region borrows the most raised part Kazakhstan of shallow hills. From picturesque granite files of mountains Karkaraly, Kent, Kyzyl Aray and Kyzyltas in the east up to lake Tengiz and mountains Ulytau in the West, from the river Ishim in the north up to desert Betpak — has given in the south the wide steppe which Kazakh people since ancient times has poetically appropriated a name the Sary Arka, that reaches meaning " the yellow ridge ". In this name it has enclosed figuratively representation about land in which lived and put the songs. The cores rivers – Nura, Sarysu, Tokyrauyn, Sherubay-Nura, the cores lakes – Balhash, Ashysu, Balyktykol, Shabyndy.
The exposition of the first hall narrates about the basic stages of becoming of sovereign Kazakhstan, as acceptance of the Constitution. In the expositions are presented state symbols –the coat of arms, a flag, a hymn; materials about introduction national money -tenge, identification cards and passports of the new sample for citizens of Kazakhstan, the moving of capital from Almaty to Astana.
Visitors can introduce with organic laws and the decrees accepted in Republic Kazakhstan for the period of independence of the state.
The exposition of an origin of life on the ground hall tells about natural riches of area, its features, unique monuments, unique nature sanctuaries. The collection of geological and paleontology finds represents the authentic annals of development of a life and kinds of the ancient mineral animals lived in territory of our region. Unique exhibits of exposition are paleontology finds -remains of ancient animals: bones of the mammoth, the woolly rhinoceros, a horn of a giant deer and others.
Owing to heavy geological process in the territory of our region were formed the supplies of natural resources. The main resources are the places of stone coal places of Karaganda coal field. The region is the unique region of iron, manganese, barytes-polymetal types. So here is represented a big building resource: marble, granite and others. The entomology collection is represented a big interest. People met with the insects during whole developing of civilization, so here it is more than 2 billion types of insects.
The climate is sharp continental: winter is long and stern, summer is hot and dry.The beginning of meteorological service in Karaganda is connected with the formation of the city, the first meteorological station was opened in 1933. In 1970 was opened hydrometobservatory. In the exposition there are presented the measuring instruments of weather.
In the exposition of nature hall is represented a big interest with the modern animal world of different types of birds, mammals and birds.
In 1983 on the base forest equipment was formed beautiful corner of nature Karkaraly state national park. The area is 350,6 thousand ga. Here are the photos of pictorial places of Karkaraly, among of them – Temyrshy kanyony – the place of arhars’ life, Pashennoe lake, sanatorium “Zhosaly”, here used Karasora lake’s medical mud. In the territory of region are grown more than 70 types of unique plants and 40 of them must be took for protection and one of them Karkaraly barberry – is met only in Kent and Karkaraly mountains.
So there are 10 nature monuments in our region” Basseyn lake – unique geological formation, Shaytankol lake, “stone tent” – natural deepening in the cave, its area is 1 ga, the first people’s cave, “The danced birches’ small wood” and others.
Here is the exposition of Institute of Phi to chemistry. The aim of this Institute is to make high quality medicine and one of them is anti swelling medicine “Arglabyn”, it was made from worm wood and anti flammation medicines “Klyor”, “Topolyn”.
From that time when our Kazakhstan became Independence republic the national traditions are remembered again. One of them is to train wild birds “Kusbegy”. Salbuyrun – collective hunt from several weeks till several months, it is one of a national type of sport. In the exposition there are the things of training – mitten, tomoga (cap), balak bau (suspenders), baldak (prop).In the territory of Kazakhstan there are more 11 types of hunting birds and all of them are written in the Red Book.
Next hall is Archeology hall. The Central Kazakhstan territory thanks to the Paleolithic places of first man is the area of first civilization. The exhibits of archaeology hall is the result of many years work of Karaganda archaeologists, they investigated more 600 hunting places, graves and settlements in the territory of region.
The breadboard model of the cave studied in mountains Karkaralinsk, evidently shows a life and activity of ancient people. Finds from parking Батпак 8,12 acquaint with instruments of work of the first person — chipping, pricking, scrapers, fighting instruments. The hall exposition is most brightly presented by monuments of epoch of the bronze, describing an originality of culture of the Central Kazakhstan in the tribes of andron.Instruments of work testify employment of agriculture: grain graters, bronze knifes, mattocks, bronze and bone sickles of various types, etc.In pottery the technology of a moulding was improved, vessels were decorated with a geometrical ornament. At аndron tribe jeweler art has been developed, clothes decorated with oval beads, glass beads. Women carried bronze ear-rings in the form of the rings, fitted by sheet gold, on the hands –bracelets, so men and women used bowls, canines of predatory and wild animals. The best interest are represented with the burial of little girl in stoned box and the stoned pictures with symbols. According to diorama the visitors can introduce with the housekeeping life of the tribes.
In 8–7 centuries B.C. in territory of Kazakhstan in the early Iron Age there were large breeding unions as saka-маssagett, saka – tygrahaud,, issedon and arymaspy. In an economic life of the population of the Kazakh steppes there were the serious changes connected with the invention of iron and with transition to a nomadic way of life. It has allowed to master huge, steppe spaces that has led to sharp increase in herds of sheep’s and horses. Saka period of history is presented by a card of moving of tribes, a breadboard model isyk " the gold man ".
The invasion of hun tribes was presented with the origin of barrows with the moustaches. In the exposition is shown the barrow which was investigated in the steppe Sary-Arka.here are shown subjects horses equipments, armaments- a sword, a dagger, tips of arrows with penny whistles, a staff military leader, they testified the great skill of founders.
Turkic period is presented with the historical rarities, which investigated with the history of Turkic empires: panno with the pictures of Orhon-Enysey Stella of Kul-Tegyn In expositions the breadboard models of Turkic horsemen and the pedestrian soldiers are presented to full arms.
The hall of ethnography and culture medieval, after medieval and industrial Kazakhstan acquaints with history of formation Kazakh hanstva and the beginning of formation of the Kazakh statehood. In XI — XII cc. the medieval culture in territory of Central Asia and Kazakhstan blossoms. Materials are presented to expositions about outstanding persons — Abu – Nasir – Al –Faraby and Hodzha Ahmet Jassaui.
In the beginning of XIII century the Central Kazakhstan has undergone to invasion of Mongols and was a part of Golden Orda. Fragile character of the state association of Golden Orda, feudal civil strife, emancipating struggle of subdued and dependent people have resulted in exposition. It is possible to familiarize with materials of the period of board Tamerlan (1370-1405), which state borrowed territory of the Central Asia and Iran. Making aggressive campaigns, Tamerlan has arrived in Ulutau, and fascinated by beauty and greatness of mountains, has left an inscription on a stone, where dates about these significant events are cut. Stella with inscription of Tamerlan it was kept up to now and is great historical property of turkis.
In the beginning of XVI century the territory of the Central Kazakhstan entered in Structure extensive Kazakh hanstva, the state formation which have arisen on a local economic and ethnic basis. In the first part of XVII century on territory of the Central Kazakhstan have intruded oyrat (joungar) tribes. On the map are presented the main direction of joungar invasion and in diorama is shown the attack of joungar. Struggle of Kazakh people against invasion joungar lasted more than hundred years and as a result heroic struggle of broad masses to the middle of XVIII century Kazakhstan has been released from joungar enslavers.. As a memory of these historical victories great byis of Kazakh people Tole byi, Kazybek byi, Aiteke byi have cut on a stone patrimonial signs 3 zhus. "Tanbaly tas (Танбалы тас) " is in 100 km. from station Kyzylzhar of the Karaganda area.
Connection of Kazakhstan to Russia and as consequence, strengthening of colonial oppression of tsarism in territory of edge displeased people. Historical and archival materials of an exposition tell about national -emancipating revolution under direction of Kenesary Kasymov (1837-1847).
Presented to expositions: sholpy, onyrzhyek, boytumar, bracelet and etc., show high aesthetic taste masters — zergers. In a complex of national suits are reflected the way of life, aesthetic ideals, the best principles and achievements of art crafts of Kazakh people. Wedding suits of the bride and the finance are presented to expositions the beginning of XX century differ by refinement, ornaments, high quality of materials. The special importance has saukele (саукеле) a «sacred» headdress of the bride.
In XVII–XX centuries in territory the most well-known in the Central Kazakhstan was Koyandy (Botov) fair organized for the first time in 1848 by Russian merchant of V. Botov near to Karkaralynsk. Infinite caravans moved on ancient trading ways in Koyandy from Russia and China Fair was a place of performance well-known akyns, singers and dombra players — Maira Ualukyzy, Kalybek Kuanyshpaev, paluan Hadzhi Mukana and others. In expositions are presented subjects of trade Koyandy fair.
In 60th years of XIX century the new stage of colonization – migration began. Peasants from suburbs of the Russian provinces had moved on good places for pastures and agriculture, that promoted to destruction of a traditional facilities kazakh cattlemen and has led to deep crisis. The log hut and subjects of a life of immigrants-peasants is presented to expositions.
Many outstanding people have glorified the Sary -Arka. A significant role in development of the Kazakh poetry of XVIII century had played creativity of Buhar zhirau (1685-1778). The basic themes of compositions Buhar zhirau was the peace in the world and love to people. At all times the land of Sary Arki was famous with talents for composers and the singers who have brought the huge contribution to development of the Kazakh musical art. The exposition acquaints with creativity great composers – Tattymbet Kazangapuly -the creator of the music works “Saryzhailau”, “Sary Arka ”, schools of performance shertpe kyi, the public figure and Mady Bapyiuly -the national composer, poet of well-known songs « Karakesek» and "Ushkara " the express ideas of this songs were freedom and the native land.
With reception of the sovereignty of the Republic of Kazakhstan were opened the new opportunities for a reconstruction of original history of people, that is presented in the exposition of a hall "National-liberation movement in the Kazakh steppe in the beginning of 20 centuries ". The presented archival materials and documentary photographs expressed the idea of national self-determination and creation new Kazakh government an autonomy «Alash» in which chapter there were the best representatives of the Kazakh intelligency: Alymhan Bukeihanov, Ahmet Bajtursynov, Mustafa Shokay, Alymhan Ermekov, Myrzhakyp Dulatov and others.
The exposition " Culture of Karaganda region " acquaints visitors with creativity known people — national akyn D. Alimbaeva, the singers-composers A. Kashaubaeva, K. Bajzhanova. From steppe Sary — Arka was a lot famous artists of S. Sejfullina kazakh drama theatre and K. Stanislavskyi russian drama theatre. Among them the national actor of the USSR K. Kuanyshbaev, the national actress of the USSR K. Bajseitova, national actress KazSSR Z. Zhubatova and others. Widely in republic are known Concert union of K. Bajzhanova and the Academic orchestra of the Kazakh instruments of Tattymbet. The orchestra successfully went on tour in the USA, France, Sweden and others. In exposition are represented diplomas, photos of performances of the glorified dancing collectives of Karaganda.
The hall " Becoming of the Karaganda coal basin " is devoted to history of construction of city of Karaganda, becoming and development of coal basin. In exposition of a hall there are materials about the first geologists of region in 1920 30 years A. A. Gapeev, Z. P. Semenova, I. V. Orlov. Unique photos of 30th years, a diorama " Tent small town " shows the representation about a life of the first builders of the city to visitors. For construction of city and coal basin to the help to Karaganda miners in 1931 were took the 480 miners and the equipment from Donbass. About it tells the materials of section. The complex of materials shines the contribution to development of the Karaganda coal basin the first leaders K. O. Gorbachev and A. Kostenko, the miners T. Kuzembaev and Stakhanov, outstanding experts mountainer affair — A. S. Saginov, C. Makarov -the founder of the first cutting loading machine and others.
The exposition of a hall of “history Karlag and Great Domestic war” contains archival documents, photography materials and volumetric exhibits about Karaganda
Exhibits about the Karaganda corrective-labour camp formed in 1931. From the date of formation there were the prisoners of 47 nationalities. The big interest is caused with a card of camp and materials of prisoners KarLag they sat here as " enemies of people ". Among them there were known political leaders and public figures, scientific, writers, artists. In an exposition there are materials about an outstanding scientist-biophysics of world value Chizhevskom A. L., and the writer, the translator Eihler and others.
During Great Domestic war in Spassk branch of KarLag had been organized especially camp for prisoners of war and interned. In section of exposition there are the photographic materials of Spassk -of a memorial of victims of reprisals and the Second world war.
The exposition of a hall is continued with materials about the Karaganda region during Great Domestic war where it is told about front and labour feats of fellow countrymen. These years from our region on front send away about 50 thousand people. In Karaganda was organized 77-th artpolk, become famous in fights under Stalyngrad, at speeding up of Dnepr. 33 Karaganda people are awarded with the ranks of the Hero of Soviet Union, 9 person by an award of Glory of III degrees. Among them heroes of Soviet Union of N. Abdirov, M. Mamraev, K. Nurzhanov, etc. Visitors can see documents, photos, soldier's letters, personal things of heroes.
Kazakhstan possessed huge natural resources, became within war by one of the major arsenals of front. In the Karaganda region were evacuated the Lugansk factory of the mountain-mine equipment by Parhomenko, shoe factory from of Artemovsk, confectionery factory from Astrakhan. At a factory Parhomenko daily let out from 250 up to 500 cases for shells well-known «kаtjush».
A hall " the Karaganda region during the Soviet epoch " shows history of development of the Karaganda region during 1946 — 1990. During the Soviet epoch Karaganda region had turned to one of the largest industrial and cultural centers of the union. In 1970 the Karaganda region became the third coal base of the USSR, here were opened the 26 mines and 4 concentrating factories. On mines of Karaganda were repeatedly established the world and all-union, republican records of a coal mining. The life and work of the miners are represented in diorama.
On construction of a metal works of Temirtau not only young men and girls of Kazakhstan worked but also all republics of Soviet Union. On July, 3rd 1960 the blast furnace number 1 had given the first Kazakhstan pig-iron. This day is considered birthday of the Karaganda metallurgical combine. In historical smelting took part the young metallurgist — Noursultan Nazarbaev — the future President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Materials of exposition tell about development virgin and laylands in Kazakhstan owing to it has been mastered 1 billion 232 thousand ga. also it is organized 16 large new state farms.
The hall of Space is devoted well-known first Kazakh pilot Tohtar Aubakirov -to the Hero of Soviet Union, Halyk Kaharmany, made the flight on October, 2nd, 1991 in structure of the soviet -austrian crew. Special interest in visitors is caused with a breadboard model of the International space station, T. Aubakirova's photo of the flight minutes, personal things of the cosmonaut, aviation devices from a fighter aircraft. In an exposition materials on cosmodrome Bajkonur-are placed To the unique scientific and technical complex located in territory of the Karaganda region.
In exposition of hall Sovereign Kazakhstan are presented materials about work of the industrial enterprises of region in conditions of reforms, development of average and small business, national education, public health services, financial establishments. The basic branch of region is black and nonferrous metallurgy which represent Open Society " Mittal Steel ", Balhash mountain-metallurgical combine.
Among the enterprises of the food-processing industry of joint-stock company " Karaganda-nan " –is the largest in Kazakhstan and the Karaganda region the manufacturer bakery and confectionery products, joint-stock company " Karaganda margarine factory ", joint-stock company " Sweet of Karaganda ", which production is known not only in Kazakhstan, but also behind its limits. Production of leading enterprises of area is presented to expositions, samples of uniform of the state legal structures.
The exposition of hall of first President of the Republic of Kazakhstan devoted to activity of the Government,the Parliament, First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. A. Nazarbaev with which name are connected all progressive transformations to Kazakhstan. For the Central Kazakhstan, for all Karaganda people is the big pride, that the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. A. Nazarbaev began the work life on the Karaganda metallurgical complex and worked in Karaganda region twenty years during 1960 — 1980, and 9 years from them as the worker of the blast-furnace and more than ten years the party head of metallurgical combine Temirtau city and region. Photos and documents of an exposition brightly described Karaganda period in a life and activity of President N. A. Nazarbaev, as exclusively important stage in its personal biography and in history of rise of the Central Kazakhstan as a whole. Visitors of a museum can introduce with photographic materials about visiting area by President РК N. A. Nazarbaev and its participations in the opening presentations of “Astana” Military District Staff of Kazakhstan, stadium “Shahter”, educational complex “School-kindergarten ”.
Educational programs (museum pedagogic).
Lectures and museum lessons:
- - jewelry art of the Central Kazakhstan masters (master – jeweler);
- - Kazakh national nomads tend “kiyz ui” (decorative – applied art of Kazakh nation);
- - Union of tribes and early states in the territory of Kazakhstan;
- - Archeological researches of the regional museum of history and local lore;
- - Kazakh national musical instruments;
- - Kazakh national games;
- - “Life is like a feat”;
- - The great enlightener Abai Kunanbayev;
- - The creation of a party “Alash” and government “Alashorda”
- - “Our streets are named after their names”;
- - “The lessons of truth telling 1986 year”;
- - “The unique books of XVII – XX cc”;
- - “Karaganda is a cosmic harbor”;
- - “KarLag is a zone of an eternal memory”;
- - “Jewelry art of Kazakh nation”;
- - “The history of Karaganda (formation, geographical position, natural resources, culture)”;
- - “Kazakh Diaspora in China” (historical terms of the formation of Kazakh nation in the land of China, social – economical and political condition of Kazakhs in China)
Scientific publications and issues.
- • K. Temirgalyeva, A. Arshabekov “Museum and history”, scientific book, 2007 y.;
- • The collection of scientific articles by the sources of the republican scientific – political conference “Coordination of scientific researches and application of the achievement innovation to museum practice ”, 2007 y;
- • K. Temirgalyeva “Museum and new technologies”, 2007y;
- • K. Temirgalyeva “Kazakhs in the state Duma of Russia” 2007y;
- • K. Temirgalyeva “The development of fair in the territory of Kazakhstan” 2007 y;
- • K. Temirgalyeva Museum – excursion program “The world around us” 2007 y;
- • K. Temirgalyeva “Әгілі қазақ қанбазарының дүбірі” 2007;
- • M. Oryspayeva “Қазақтың төл теңгесі” 2007 y;
- • M. Oryspayeva “The pages of history of the regional museum of history and local lore”
- • K. Temirgalyeva “Museum in the modern life”;
- • E. Nurmaganbetov “Historical – cultural heritage”;
- • N. Aldabayev, D. Shashenov, ZH. Ukeyev “Қарағанды облысы Абай ауданы бойынша жүргізілген археологиялық зерттеулер”;
- • N. Abisheva “Ancient art is petrogliphes”;
- • D. Shashenov “Ұлытау өңірінің ортағасырлық діни – ғұрыптық ескерткіштері”;
- • M. Oryspayeva “From the history of enlightenment in XIX and the beginning of XX cc”
Museum – store
The Karaganda regional museum of history and local lore has a museum – store. There are represented works of decorative – applied art made in the artistic workshop of the museum. Data works represent itself mental and cultural world of the nation.
Big selection of printed productions is demonstrated as well.